The Ceremony of the Keys is the traditional locking up of the Tower and has
taken place every night without fail for at least 700 years. The importance of
securing this fortress for the night is still very relevant because although the monarch no longer resides at this royal Palace, her Crown Jewels do!
- The Tower has served many functions over the centuries - Royal Palace,
Royal Mint and home to the Crown Regalia - all of which made security a high
priority. Thus, it was necessary to secure the building from dusk until
dawn. Originally the Gentleman Porter would use an armed escort of soldiers
to make his way through the grounds locking all possible entrances. These
days the Chief Yeoman Warder is responsible.
- When the Duke of Wellington became Constable of the Tower in 1826 he
altered the start time because it allowed the garrison some free time out on the
- The ceremony lasts just seven minutes. At precisely 21.53 the Chief Yeoman
Warder, carrying the Keys of the Tower in one hand and a brass lantern in the
other, collects his escort from the main body of the guard on duty within the
Tower and proceeds to the entrance to secure the heavy wooden gates.
- The earliest known reference to the ceremony is contained in Regulations for
the Officers and Servants Civil and Military which was issued by Mary Tudor on
12th October 1555.
- It is thought the ceremony is at least 700 years old and has certainly
every night without fail for many years. During the Second World War several
bombs fell on the Tower. In September 1941 it is recorded that following a
direct hit the ceremony was delayed by half and hour but it still went ahead.
- The lantern that the Chief Yeoman Warder carries to light his way was
presented to the Tower as a token of friendship by the Honourable Artillery
Company on 12th May 1919.
- Nobody is sure when the public were first allowed to watch the ceremony but
these days it is allowed almost every night. However no one is admitted
without a date stamped ticket.
- To attend you should apply to the Ceremony of the Keys Office, HM Tower of
London, London EC3N 4AB. All requests must include a SAE and full names
and addresses of those wishing to attend. Since the ceremony is often booked
up well in advance it is advisable to offer at least three different dates and
allow plenty of time to apply.